Related Rule
Côte d’Ivoire
Practice Relating to Rule 48. Attacks against Persons Parachuting from an Aircraft in Distress
Côte d’Ivoire’s Teaching Manual (2007) provides in book I (basic instruction):
I.3.1. Parachutists from aircraft in distress
No person parachuting from an aircraft in distress shall be made the object of attack during his descent. …
Upon reaching the ground in territory controlled by an adverse Party, a person who has parachuted from an aircraft in distress shall be given an opportunity to surrender before being made the object of attack, unless it is apparent that he is engaging in a hostile act. …
Airborne troops are not entitled to this protection and can be attacked during their descent by parachute. 
Côte d’Ivoire, Droit de la guerre, Manuel d’instruction, Livre IV: Instruction du chef de section et du commandant de compagnie, Manuel de l’élève, Ministère de la Défense, Forces Armées Nationales, November 2007, p. 34.