Related Rule
Switzerland
Practice Relating to Rule 52. Pillage
Section B. Pillage committed by civilians
Switzerland’s Military Criminal Code (1927), as amended, prohibits pillage and is applicable to civilians in time of war. 
Switzerland, Military Criminal Code, 1927, as amended, Articles 4(2) and 139.
Switzerland’s Military Criminal Code (1927), as amended in 2007, states: “In times of war, the following persons are subject to military criminal law … : Civilians who are guilty of … pillage.” 
Switzerland, Military Criminal Code, 1927, as amended in 2007, Article 5(1).
The Code also states:
Any person who, in times of war … , has committed an act of pillage, in particular any person who, profiting from the alarm caused by the war, has taken other people’s property, has compelled another person to hand such property over to him or her, or has committed acts of violence against other people’s property, is to be punished with deprivation of liberty or a monetary penalty. 
Switzerland, Military Criminal Code, 1927, as amended in 2007, Article 139.
The Code further provides:
The following are subject to military criminal law:
8. Foreign civilians … for acts mentioned in Articles 115 to 179a [that includes the previously cited provision] which they commit while employed by the armed forces or the military administration or as delegates while working with the troops. 
Switzerland, Military Criminal Code, 1927, as amended in 2007, Article 3(8).
Switzerland’s Military Criminal Code (1927), taking into account amendments entered into force up to 2011, states:
Art. 3
1 The following are subject to military criminal law:
8. Civilians or foreign military persons for acts mentioned in Articles 115 to 179 which they commit while employed or mandated by the armed forces or the military administration while working with the troops.
Art. 5
1 In times of war, in addition to the persons mentioned in art. 3 and 4, the following are subject to military criminal law:
1. Civilians who make themselves culpable of one of the following offences:
d. … war crimes (Part 2, chapter 6bis and art. 139);
Chapter 6bis – War crimes
Art. 112c
1 The penalty shall be a custodial sentence of not less than three years for any person who, in the context of an armed conflict:
c. as a method of warfare, pillages or otherwise unlawfully appropriates property[.]
Chapter 8 – Felonies or misdemeanours against property
Art. 139
1 The penalty shall be a custodial sentence or a fine of not less than 60 daily rates for any person who, in time of war or while in active duty, commits an act of pillage, unlawfully appropriates property in any other way, or exercises violence against someone else’s property.
2 The penalty shall be a custodial sentence of not less than five years for any person who pillages by using violence against a person, threatens the person with immediate danger to life or bodily integrity or in any other way makes the person incapable of resistance. 
Switzerland, Military Criminal Code, 1927, taking into account amendments entered into force up to 2011, Articles 3(1)(8), 5(1)(1)(d), 112c (1)(c) and 139.