Central African Republic
Practice Relating to Rule 59. Improper Use of the Distinctive Emblems of the Geneva Conventions
The Central African Republic’s Disciplinary Regulations (2009) states: “During combat, it is also prohibited for servicemen to … make improper use of … the distinctive emblems of international conventions”.
The Central African Republic’s Law on the Red Cross Emblem (2009) states: “No one shall use the Emblem or the name of the Red Cross unless such use is in accordance with the provisions of the 1949 Geneva Conventions and the  Additional Protocols or with the present law.”
Article 17 of the law states:
Any natural or legal person shall be punished in accordance with the Penal code of the Central African Republic, if he or she:
- intentionally and without a right to do so uses the protective … Emblem … of the Red Cross, the term Red Cross, a distinctive signal or any other sign, denomination or signal which constitutes an imitation or which may lead to confusion, whatever the aim of its use.