Central African Republic
Practice Relating to Rule 2. Violence Aimed at Spreading Terror among the Civilian Population
The Central African Republic’s Instructor’s Manual (1999) states in Volume 3 (Instruction for non-commissioned officers studying for the level 1 and 2 certificates and for future officers of the criminal police): “The following prohibitions must be respected: … terrorizing the civilian population by acts or threats of violence”.
The Central African Republic’s Penal Code (2010) states:
Shall be punished with forced labour for a minimum period of ten years and a fine, all persons having by any means, directly or indirectly, illegally and deliberately, provided or collected funds with the intention that they be used or the knowledge that they will be used, wholly or in part, with a view to committing:
b) Any other act intended to kill or seriously wound a civilian or any other person taking no active part in hostilities in the context of an armed conflict; when the act, by its nature or context, aims to intimidate the population or to coerce a Government or an international organization to accomplish or refrain from accomplishing a given act.
The Code also states: “The same sentences are applicable to all persons who: Organize the commission of one of the offences mentioned in article 322 [above quoted] or give others the order to do so.”