Central African Republic
Practice Relating to Rule 151. Individual Responsibility
Section A. Individual criminal responsibility
The Central African Republic’s Instructor’s Manual (1999) states in Volume 2 (Instruction for group and patrol leaders): “Soldiers must know that respecting these rules [of the law of war] is part of military discipline and that any violations will result in disciplinary or penal sanctions.”
In Volume 2, the manual further states: “All violations of the law of war are punishable.”
The Central African Republic’s Penal Code (2010) states:
Art.158: The crime of genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity are punished with the death penalty.
Art.160: Legal persons can be declared criminally responsible for the crime of genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity [and] crimes of terrorism under the conditions stipulated in article 10 of this code.
Article 10 of the Code states:
Legal persons, excluding the State, are criminally responsible, as foreseen by laws or regulations, for offences committed in their name by their organs or representatives.
The criminal responsibility of legal persons does not exclude that of natural persons, authors or accomplices to the same acts.