Democratic Republic of the Congo
Practice Relating to Rule 97. Human Shields
Under the Democratic Republic of the Congo’s Code of Military Justice (1972), as amended, the use of prisoners of war or of civilians as a method of protection is an offence.
The Democratic Republic of the Congo’s Military Penal Code (2002) provides:
The use of prisoners of war or civilians for purposes of protection against the enemy is punished with fifteen to twenty years of penal servitude.
In time of war or during exceptional circumstances the perpetrator is punished by death.