• 1
    The Principle of Distinction between Civilians and Combatants
  • 2
    Violence Aimed at Spreading Terror among the Civilian Population
  • 3
    Definition of Combatants
  • 4
    Definition of Armed Forces
  • 5
    Definition of Civilians
  • 6
    Civilians’ Loss of Protection from Attack
  • 7
    The Principle of Distinction between Civilian Objects and Military Objectives
  • 8
    Definition of Military Objectives
  • 9
    Definition of Civilian Objects
  • 10
    Civilian Objects’ Loss of Protection from Attack
  • 11
    Indiscriminate Attacks
  • 12
    Definition of Indiscriminate Attacks
  • 13
    Area Bombardment
  • 14
    Proportionality in Attack
  • 15
    Precautions in Attack
  • 16
    Target Verification
  • 17
    Choice of Means and Methods of Warfare
  • 18
    Assessment of the Effects of Attacks
  • 19
    Control during the Execution of Attacks
  • 20
    Advance Warning
  • 21
    Target Selection
  • 22
    Principle of Precautions against the Effects of Attacks
  • 23
    Location of Military Objectives outside Densely Populated Areas
  • 24
    Removal of Civilians and Civilian Objects from the Vicinity of Military Objectives
  • 25
    Medical Personnel
  • 26
    Medical Activities
  • 27
    Religious Personnel
  • 28
    Medical Units
  • 29
    Medical Transports
  • 30
    Persons and Objects Displaying the Distinctive Emblem
  • 31
    Humanitarian Relief Personnel
  • 32
    Humanitarian Relief Objects
  • 33
    Personnel and Objects Involved in a Peacekeeping Mission
  • 34
    Journalists
  • 35
    Hospital and Safety Zones and Neutralized Zones
  • 36
    Demilitarized Zones
  • 37
    Open Towns and Non-Defended Localities
  • 38
    Attacks Against Cultural Property
  • 39
    Use of Cultural Property for Military Purposes
  • 40
    Respect for Cultural Property
  • 41
    Export and Return of Cultural Property in Occupied Territory
  • 42
    Works and Installations Containing Dangerous Forces
  • 43
    Application of General Principles on the Conduct of Hostilities to the Natural Environment
  • 45
    Causing Serious Damage to the Natural Environment
  • 46
    Orders or Threats that No Quarter Will Be Given
  • 47
    Attacks against Persons Hors de Combat
  • 48
    Attacks against Persons Parachuting from an Aircraft in Distress
  • 49
    War Booty
  • 50
    Destruction and Seizure of Property of an Adversary
  • 51
    Public and Private Property in Occupied Territory
  • 52
    Pillage
  • 53
    Starvation as a Method of Warfare
  • 54
    Attacks against Objects Indispensable to the Survival of the Civilian Population
  • 55
    Access for Humanitarian Relief to Civilians in Need
  • 57
    Ruses of War
  • 58
    Improper Use of the White Flag of Truce
  • 59
    Improper Use of the Distinctive Emblems of the Geneva Conventions
  • 60
    Improper Use of the United Nations Emblem or Uniform
  • 61
    Improper Use of Other Internationally Recognized Emblems
  • 62
    Improper Use of the Flags or Military Emblems, Insignia or Uniforms of the Adversary
  • 63
    Use of Flags or Military Emblems, Insignia or Uniforms of Neutral or Other States Not Party to the Conflict
  • 64
    Conclusion of an Agreement to Suspend Combat with the Intention of Attacking by Surprise the Adversary Relying on it
  • 65
    Perfidy
  • 66
    Non-Hostile Contacts between the Parties to Conflict
  • 67
    Inviolability of Parlementaires
  • 68
    Precautions while Receiving Parlementaires
  • 69
    Loss of Inviolability of Parlementaires
  • 70
    Weapons of a Nature to Cause Superfluous Injury or Unnecessary Suffering
  • 71
    Weapons That Are by Nature Indiscriminate
  • Use of Prohibited Weapons
  • 72
    Poison
  • Nuclear Weapons
  • 73
    Biological Weapons
  • 74
    Chemical Weapons
  • 75
    Riot Control Agents
  • 76
    Herbicides
  • 77
    Expanding Bullets
  • 78
    Exploding Bullets
  • 79
    Weapons Primarily Injuring by Non-Detectable Fragments
  • 80
    Booby-Traps
  • 81
    Restrictions on the Use of Landmines
  • Prohibition of Certain Types of Landmines
  • 82
    Recording of the Placement of Landmines
  • 83
    Removal or Neutralization of Landmines
  • 84
    The Protection of Civilians and Civilian Objects from the Effects of Incendiary Weapons
  • 85
    The Use of Incendiary Weapons against Combatants
  • 86
    Blinding Laser Weapons
  • 87
    Humane Treatment
  • 88
    Non-Discrimination
  • 89
    Violence to Life
  • 90
    Torture and Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment
  • 91
    Corporal Punishment
  • 92
    Mutilation and Medical, Scientific or Biological Experiments
  • 93
    Rape and Other forms of Sexual Violence
  • 94
    Slavery and Slave Trade
  • 95
    Forced Labour
  • 96
    Hostage-Taking
  • 97
    Human Shields
  • 98
    Enforced Disappearance
  • 99
    Deprivation of Liberty
  • 100
    Fair Trial Guarantees
  • 101
    The Principle of Legality
  • 102
    Individual Criminal Responsibility
  • 103
    Collective Punishments
  • 104
    Respect for Convictions and Religious Practices
  • 105
    Respect for Family Life
  • 106
    Conditions for Prisoner-of-War Status
  • 107
    Spies
  • 108
    Mercenaries
  • 109
    Search for, Collection and Evacuation of the Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked
  • 110
    Treatment and Care of the Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked
  • 111
    Protection of the Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked against Pillage and Ill-Treatment
  • 112
    Search for and Collection of the Dead
  • 113
    Treatment of the Dead
  • 115
    Disposal of the Dead
  • 116
    Accounting for the Dead
  • 117
    Accounting for Missing Persons
  • 118
    Provision of Basic Necessities to Persons Deprived of Their Liberty
  • 119
    Accommodation for Women Deprived of Their Liberty
  • 120
    Accommodation for Children Deprived of Their Liberty
  • 121
    Location of Internment and Detention Centres
  • 122
    Pillage of Personal Belongings of Persons Deprived of Their Liberty
  • 123
    Recording and Notification of Personal Details of Persons Deprived of their Liberty
  • 124
    ICRC Access to Persons Deprived of Their Liberty
  • 125
    Correspondence of Persons Deprived of Their Liberty
  • 126
    Visits to Persons Deprived of Their Liberty
  • 127
    Respect for Convictions and Religious Practices of Persons Deprived of Their Liberty
  • 128
    Release and Return of Persons Deprived of Their Liberty
  • 129
    The Act of Displacement
  • 130
    Transfer of Own Civilian Population into Occupied Territory
  • 131
    Treatment of Displaced Persons
  • 134
    Women
  • 135
    Children
  • 136
    Recruitment of Child Soldiers
  • 137
    Participation of Child Soldiers in Hostilities
  • 138
    The Elderly, Disabled and Infirm
  • 139
    Respect for International Humanitarian Law
  • 140
    Principle of Reciprocity
  • 141
    Legal Advisers for Armed Forces
  • 142
    Instruction in International Humanitarian Law within Armed Forces
  • 143
    Dissemination of International Humanitarian Law among the Civilian Population
  • 144
    Ensuring Respect for International Humanitarian Law Erga Omnes
  • 145
    Reprisals
  • 146
    Reprisals against Protected Persons
  • 147
    Reprisals against Protected Objects
  • 148
    Reprisals in Non-International Armed Conflicts
  • 149
    Responsibility for violations of International Humanitarian Law
  • 150
    Reparation
  • 151
    Individual Responsibility
  • 152
    Command Responsibility for Orders to Commit War Crimes
  • 153
    Command Responsibility for Failure to Prevent, Repress or Report War Crimes
  • 154
    Obedience to Superior Orders
  • 155
    Defence of Superior Orders
  • 156
    Definition of War Crimes
  • 157
    Jurisdiction over War Crimes
  • 158
    Prosecution of War Crimes
  • 159
    Amnesty
  • 160
    Statutes of Limitation
  • 161
    International Cooperation in Criminal Proceedings