Practice Relating to Rule 74. Chemical Weapons
Belarus’s Criminal Code (1999) provides that “production, acquisition, stockpiling, transport, transfer or sale of weapons of mass destruction prohibited by international treaties binding upon the Republic of Belarus” is a criminal offence, while the use of such weapons is a war crime.
In 1966, during a debate in the First Committee of the UN General Assembly, Belarus supported Hungary’s view that the 1925 Geneva Gas Protocol had developed into customary international law and that the use of chemical weapons constituted an international crime.
In 1970, in the context of the adoption of UN General Assembly Resolution 2444 (XXIII), Belarus stated:
The need for all States without exception to abide, in any armed conflict, by the existing international conventions defining and limiting the means, ways and methods of waging war assumes particular importance. Among these conventions are … the Geneva Protocol of 1925.
In 1977, during a debate in the First Committee of the UN General Assembly, Belarus supported a complete ban on chemical weapons.
In 1987, during a debate in the First Committee of the UN General Assembly, Belarus stated that it was committed to a global ban on chemical weapons.
In 1993, during a debate in the First Committee of the UN General Assembly, Belarus referred to a declaration in which all States emerging from the former Soviet Union expressed their support for chemical disarmament.
At the First Conference of States Parties to the Chemical Weapons Convention in 1997, Belarus pointed out the large amount of work that had already been done by the Government of Belarus in the area of chemical weapons destruction. Furthermore, it stated that it was prepared to work closely with the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons to contribute to the implementation of the provisions of the 1993 Chemical Weapons Convention and hence to the strengthening of international peace and security.