Practice Relating to Rule 59. Improper Use of the Distinctive Emblems of the Geneva Conventions
Belarus’s Criminal Code (1999) provides that it is a war crime to “use intentionally, during hostilities, in violation of international treaties, the emblems of the Red Cross [or] Red Crescent”.
Belarus’s Law on the Emblem (2000) provides:
In the territory of the Republic of Belarus legal and physical persons are prohibited to use:
–the emblem [red cross/red crescent] as a protective or distinctive sign as well as distinctive signals in contradiction to the present Law, the [1949 Geneva] Conventions, [the 1977 Additional Protocol I and the 1977 Additional Protocol II] and Regulations on the Use of the Emblem;
–the designations in the names of legal persons, in trademarks (service marks) as well as for purposes incompatible with the principles of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement;
–representations of any signs, including that of the white cross on a red ground, that can be mistakenly identified with the emblem used as a protective sign.