Practice Relating to Rule 73. Biological Weapons
Belgium’s Law of War Manual (1983) proscribes the use of biological weapons with reference to the 1925 Geneva Gas Protocol and the 1972 Biological Weapons Convention.
Belgium’s Law Regulating Economic and Individual Activities with Weapons (2006) provides: “[The following] arms shall be considered as prohibited: … devices which are intended to affect people by toxic, asphyxiating … and other similar substances”.
At the First Review Conference of States Parties to the Biological Weapons Convention in 1980, Belgium stated: “With regard to article IV [of the 1972 Biological Weapons Convention], Belgium, in common with many other States, had taken the necessary domestic measures, the Belgian Parliament having enacted legislation approving the Convention.”