Bosnia and Herzegovina
Practice Relating to Rule 116. Accounting for the Dead
Bosnia and Herzegovina’s Law on Missing Persons (2004) states: “The missing persons’ families or their associations shall have the right to demand that places of burial and exhumation (individual or mass graves) be marked regardless of the number of victims or missing persons.”
The Report on the Practice of Bosnia and Herzegovina states:
During the aggression on Bosnia and Herzegovina, a large number of persons were registered as missing and the tracing process is still ongoing. It is assumed that the majority of the missing persons were killed by the aggressor and thrown into mass graves in different locations … The State Commission for the Exchange of Prisoners of War has undertaken huge efforts to locate mass graves, to exhume and identify bodies of innocent victims. Allegations of mass graves are received from eyewitnesses of the committed massacres.
Bosnia and Herzegovina’s Criminal Code (2003), as amended in 2005, states: “Whoever, having knowledge of the location of a mass grave, fails to inform of its location, shall be punished by imprisonment for a term not exceeding three years.”