Related Rule
Azerbaijan
Practice Relating to Rule 97. Human Shields
Azerbaijan’s Law concerning the Protection of Civilian Persons and the Rights of Prisoners of War (1995) provides that in international and non-international armed conflicts, using prisoners of war “as a shield in the hostilities” is prohibited. 
Azerbaijan, Law concerning the Protection of Civilian Persons and the Rights of Prisoners of War, 1995, Article 21(3).
Azerbaijan’s Criminal Code (1999) provides that using protected persons “for the protection of one’s own Armed Forces or military objectives from military actions” is a violation of the laws and customs of war. 
Azerbaijan, Criminal Code, 1999, Article 115.2.