Practice Relating to Rule 59. Improper Use of the Distinctive Emblems of the Geneva Conventions
Azerbaijan’s Criminal Code (1999) provides that “the misuse of the distinctive signs of the red cross or the red crescent in the territory of military operations by persons not entitled to use them” constitutes a war crime in international and non-international armed conflicts.
Azerbaijan’s Emblem Law (2001) provides:
In the territory of the Republic of Azerbaijan, legal and physical persons are prohibited to use in contradiction to the present Law, the Geneva Conventions and Protocols I and II:
a) the red cross and red crescent emblems as a protective or distinctive sign,
b) distinctive signals,
c) the red cross and red crescent emblems and their designations in the names of legal persons, in trademarks,
d) the red cross and red crescent emblems and their designations for the purposes incompatible with the principles of the International Movement of the Red Cross and Red Crescent;
e) any similar signs which can be taken for the red cross and red crescent emblems used as a protective sign.