Related Rule
Australia
Practice Relating to Rule 135. Children
Section C. Evacuation
Australia’s Defence Force Manual (1994) states: “The opposing parties are required to try and conclude local agreements for the removal from besieged or encircled areas of … children”. 
Australia, Manual on Law of Armed Conflict, Australian Defence Force Publication, Operations Series, ADFP 37 – Interim Edition, 1994, § 735; see also Commanders’ Guide (1994), § 926.
The manual further states:
As is the case with women, children are granted special protection under LOAC. Important rules are shown below …
e. children who are not nationals of the state may not be evacuated by that state to a foreign country unless the evacuation is temporary and accords to certain conditions set out in [the 1977 Additional Protocol I]. 
Australia, Manual on Law of Armed Conflict, Australian Defence Force Publication, Operations Series, ADFP 37 – Interim Edition, 1994, § 947.
Australia’s LOAC Manual (2006) states:
7.38 … [In the context of siege warfare] The opposing parties are required to try and conclude local agreements for the removal from besieged or encircled areas of … children …
9.50 … [C]hildren who are not nationals of the state may not be evacuated by that state to a foreign country unless the evacuation is temporary and accords to certain conditions set out in G. P. I. [1977 Additional Protocol I]. 
Australia, The Manual of the Law of Armed Conflict, Australian Defence Doctrine Publication 06.4, Australian Defence Headquarters, 11 May 2006, §§ 7.38 and 9.50.
The LOAC Manual (2006) replaces both the Defence Force Manual (1994) and the Commanders’ Guide (1994).