Practice Relating to Rule 103. Collective Punishments
Under Australia’s Defence Force Manual (1994), collective penalties are expressly prohibited as measures for the control of the population of occupied territory.
Australia’s LOAC Manual (2006) states:
The following acts are prohibited at any time and in any place whatsoever:
• collective punishments; and
• threats to commit any of the foregoing acts.
The manual also states, with regard to the general treatment of protected persons in both their own territory and occupied territory, that “collective punishment … [is] forbidden”.
The LOAC Manual (2006) replaces both the Defence Force Manual (1994) and the Commanders’ Guide (1994).
Australia’s War Crimes Act (1945) provides that the “imposition of collective punishment” is a war crime.