Related Rule
Yugoslavia, Federal Republic of
Practice Relating to Rule 74. Chemical Weapons
It was reported that in 1999, Serb forces used nerve gas against Kosovar Albanians; these claims were under investigation by the Federal Bureau of Investigation. 
Richard Norton-Taylor and Lucy Ward, “Serbs used chemical weapons”, The Guardian, London, 24 August 1999; “Reports indicate Serbs using chemical weapons against UCK”, Zeri i Popullit, Tirana, 23 April 1999, p. 14, as translated from Albanian in FBIS-EEU-1999-0424; “Kosovo rebels accuse Serbs of using nerve gas in recent fighting”, Kosovapress news agency website, 22 April 1999, as in BBC-SWB, 22 April 1999; “Yugoslav Army denies having chemical weapons”, TANJUG, Belgrade, 24 April 1999, as excerpted in BBC-SWB, 26 April 1999; United Kingdom, Ministry of Defence briefing, 27 April 1999; M. Binyon, “Volunteers for Kosovo face a grim death”, The Times, London, 28 April 1999; David Thompson, “Serb killers gassed KLA: Milošević launches chemical warfare attacks in Kosovo”, Scottish Daily Record, Glasgow, 28 April 1999, pp. 16–17; “Doctor claims to have treated refugees for Serb blister agent attack”, AFP from Washington, 28 April 1999; “Serbia: Kosovo rebels report use of chemical weapons”, Kosovapress news agency website, 3 May 1999, as in BBC-SWB, 4 May 1999; “UCK accuses Serbs of using nerve gas in Kosovo”, AFP from Kukes, Albania, 7 May 1999, as in FBIS-EEU-1999-0507; ATA news agency (Tirana) in English, 8 May 1999, as in BBC-SWB, 8 May 1999; Barbara Demick (from Blace, Macedonia), “Refugees say Serbs rout rebels, possibly with gas”, Philadelphia Inquirer, Philadelphia, 5 May 1999; Anne Swardson (from Cegrane, Macedonia), with John Ward Anderson (from Kukes) and Steven Pearlstein (from Brussels), “Serbs alleged to have used gas: refugees, KLA sources describe attacks on two villages”, Washington Post, Washington, D.C., 23 May 1999, p. A24.
According to the Report on the Practice of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, there are unconfirmed reports of the use of chemical weapons by the Yugoslav People’s Army during the conflict in the former Yugoslavia. 
Report on the Practice of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, 1997, Chapter 3.4.
Bosnian Muslim forces 
“Chemical weapons claims probed”, Jane’s Defence Weekly, London, 21 August 1993, p. 5; “Muslims accused again of using CW rounds”, Jane’s Defence Weekly, London, 23 October 1993, p. 8.
and Serb forces 
Radio Bosnia-Hercegovina, Sarajevo, 12 February 1993, as in BBC-SWB, 15 February 1993; Radio Bosnia-Hercegovina, Sarajevo, 30 January 1993, as abstracted in BBC-SWB, 1 February 1993; Radio Bosnia-Hercegovina, Sarajevo, 31 January 1993, as translated in BBC-SWB, 2 February 1993; TANJUG from Belgrade in English, 31 January 1993, as excerpted in BBC-SWB, 2 February 1993; Radio Bosnia-Hercegovina, Sarajevo, 11 February 1993, as translated from the Serbo-Croat in FBIS-EEU-93-027, 11 February 1993, p. 33. (For example, the photograph by Kevin Weaver in The Independent, London, 26 February 1993, p. 10; Radio Bosnia-Hercegovina, Sarajevo, 13 March 1993, as translated in BBC-SWB, 15 March 1993; Radio Bosnia-Hercegovina, Sarajevo, 14 March 1993, as translated in BBC-SWB, 16 March 1993; Radio Bosnia-Hercegovina, Sarajevo, 15 March 1993, as translated in BBC-SWB, 17 March 1993; SRNA telephone service, 14 March 1993, as translated from Serbo-Croat in BBC-SWB, 16 March 1993.)
were also alleged to have used chemical weapons during the conflict in Bosnia and Herzegovina. 
TANJUG Belgrade, 20 June 1994, as in BBC-SWB; “Bosnians said to be using chemical grenades in War”, Reuters, UN, 21 October 1993; “UN says non-lethal gas shells fired in Sarajevo”, Reuters, UN, 28 July 1993; TANJUG Belgrade, 22 October 1993; Radio Bosnia-Hercegovina, 29 July 1993, as in BBC-SWB; “Bosnia Chief threatens to use poison gas”, The Houston Chronicle, Houston, 31 October 1992; “2000 Bosnian Serb shells, toxic gas hit Teocak”, AFP, Radio Sarajevo, 12 June 1993; “Bosnian Serb Commander charges Moslems make chemical arms”, AFP, TANJUG, Belgrade, 12 January 1993; SRNA Review of Evening News, 25 August 1995; Major Garrett, “Mesic to tell senators of gas attacks on Croats”, Washington Times, Washington, D.C., 27 September 1991, p. A3; Bill Gertz, “Report: Army gassed Croats”, Washington Times, Washington, D.C., 26 September 1991, pp. A1 and A11; “Yugoslav president warns of CW use”, MEDNews, Paris, Vol. 4, No. 24, 30 September 1991, p. 5; TANJUG, Belgrade, 26 September 1991, as translated from Serbo-Croat in BBC-SWB, 28 September 1991; TANJUG from Belgrade in English, 27 September 1991, as excerpted in BBC-SWB, 30 September 1991; Mirko Hunjadi from Vinkovici on Radio Croatia (Zagreb), 28 September 1991, as translated from the Serbo-Croat in FBIS-EEU-91-189, 30 September 1991, p. 39; Radio Croatia (Zagreb), 30 September 1991, as excerpted in BBC-SWB, 4 October 1991.