Related Rule
Argentina
Practice Relating to Rule 128. Release and Return of Persons Deprived of Their Liberty
Argentina’s Law of War Manual (1969), referring to Article 118 of the 1949 Geneva Convention III, provides: “Prisoners of war shall be released and repatriated without delay after the cessation of active hostilities.” 
Argentina, Leyes de Guerra, RC-46-1, Público, II Edición 1969, Ejército Argentino, Edición original aprobado por el Comandante en Jefe del Ejército, 9 May 1967, § 2.098.
Referring to Article 109 of the 1949 Geneva Convention III, the manual states: “Parties to the conflict are bound to send back to their own country, regardless of number or rank, seriously wounded and seriously sick prisoners of war, after having cared for them until they are fit to travel.” According to the manual, the following should be repatriated directly:
(1) Incurably wounded and sick whose mental or physical fitness seems to have been gravely diminished;
(2) Wounded and sick who, according to medical opinion, are not likely to recover within one year, whose condition requires treatment and whose mental or physical fitness seems to have been gravely diminished;
(3) Wounded and sick who have recovered, but whose mental or physical fitness seems to have been gravely and permanently diminished. 
Argentina, Leyes de Guerra, RC-46-1, Público, II Edición 1969, Ejército Argentino, Edición original aprobado por el Comandante en Jefe del Ejército, 9 May 1967, § 2.091.
Argentina’s Law of War Manual (1989) states: “Prisoners of war shall be released and repatriated without any delay after the cessation of the hostilities.” 
Argentina, Leyes de Guerra, PC-08-01, Público, Edición 1989, Estado Mayor Conjunto de las Fuerzas Armadas, aprobado por Resolución No. 489/89 del Ministerio de Defensa, 23 April 1990, § 3.32.
Referring to Articles 109 and 110 of the 1949 Geneva Convention III, the manual states: “The Parties to the conflict have the obligation, regardless of number or rank, to repatriate seriously wounded and seriously sick prisoners of war.” 
Argentina, Leyes de Guerra, PC-08-01, Público, Edición 1989, Estado Mayor Conjunto de las Fuerzas Armadas, aprobado por Resolución No. 489/89 del Ministerio de Defensa, 23 April 1990, § 3.31.
The manual identifies grave breaches of Article 85 of the 1977 Additional Protocol I as war crimes. 
Argentina, Leyes de Guerra, PC-08-01, Público, Edición 1989, Estado Mayor Conjunto de las Fuerzas Armadas, aprobado por Resolución No. 489/89 del Ministerio de Defensa, 23 April 1990, § 8.03.
In 1994, during a debate in the UN Security Council on the situation in Tajikistan and along the Tajik-Afghan border, Argentina noted that the exchange of prisoners showed the will of the parties to cooperate in finding a solution to the crisis in Tajikistan. 
Argentina, Statement before the UN Security Council, UN Doc. S/PV.3482, 1 January 1994, p. 11.
Argentina’s Law of War Manual (1969) and Law of War Manual (1989) provide: “No sick or injured prisoner who is eligible for repatriation may be repatriated against his will during hostilities.” 
Argentina, Leyes de Guerra, RC-46-1, Público, II Edición 1969, Ejército Argentino, Edición original aprobado por el Comandante en Jefe del Ejército, 9 May 1967, § 2.091; Leyes de Guerra, PC-08-01, Público, Edición 1989, Estado Mayor Conjunto de las Fuerzas Armadas, aprobado por Resolución No. 489/89 del Ministerio de Defensa, 23 April 1990, § 3.31.
Argentina’s Law of War Manual (1969) reproduces Articles 46–48 of the 1949 Geneva Convention III. 
Argentina, Leyes de Guerra, RC-46-1, Público, II Edición 1969, Ejército Argentino, Edición original aprobado por el Comandante en Jefe del Ejército, 9 May 1967, §§ 2.042–2.044.
Argentina’s Law of War Manual (1969) provides:
The Detaining Power, the Power on which the prisoners of war depend, and a neutral Power agreed upon by these two Powers, shall endeavour to conclude agreements which will enable prisoners of war to be interned in the territory of the said neutral Power agreed until the close of the hostilities. 
Argentina, Leyes de Guerra, RC-46-1, Público, II Edición 1969, Ejército Argentino, Edición original aprobado por el Comandante en Jefe del Ejército, 9 May 1967, § 2.097.