Practice Relating to Rule 59. Improper Use of the Distinctive Emblems of the Geneva Conventions
Under Armenia’s Penal Code (2003), “the use during military actions of the emblems and distinctive signs of the red cross or red crescent … in breach of international treaties and international law” constitutes a crime against the peace and security of mankind.
Armenia’s Emblem Law (2002) states:
On the territory of the Republic of Armenia, the following are prohibited for physical and legal persons:
–the use of the emblem, as a protective or indicative device, as well as a distinctive signal which would be contrary to the present law, to the [1949 Geneva] conventions, to [the 1977 Additional Protocol I and the 1977 Additional Protocol II] …
–the use of the names [Red Cross/Red Crescent] in the social name of legal persons, trademarks, as well as for any purpose in contradiction with the principles of the international movement of the Red Cross and Red Crescent;
–the representation of any sign, including a white cross on a red ground, that can create confusion, by assimilation with the protective emblem.