Related Rule
Practice Relating to Rule 157. Jurisdiction over War Crimes
Venezuela’s Penal Code (2005) states:
The following persons shall be subject to trial in Venezuela and shall be punished in conformity with Venezuelan criminal law:
13. Commanders, officers and other members of an army for punishable acts committed against the local population when crossing neutral foreign territory. 
Venezuela, Penal Code, 2005, Article 14(13).