Practice Relating to Rule 51. Public and Private Property in Occupied Territory
Section C. Private property in occupied territory
Mexico’s Army and Air Force Manual (2009) states:
235. Protection of property
Article 53 of the [1949 Geneva] Convention [IV] stipulates the duty to protect property. In a way, this extends the scope of the Convention, whose principal object is the protection of persons. It is justified by the fact that certain attacks on private property are extremely detrimental to the mental and material situation of the persons concerned.
236. The occupying power is prohibited from destroying real or personal property belonging individually or collectively to private individuals … except where such destruction is rendered absolutely necessary by military operations.