Related Rule
Practice Relating to Rule 83. Removal or Neutralization of Landmines
In 1976, during discussions in the Ad Hoc Committee on Conventional Weapons established by the CDDH, Italy stated that “the obligation to record the location of minefields and to fit a neutralizing mechanism on remotely delivered mines provided a satisfactory guarantee for the civilian population”. 
Italy, Statement at the CDDH, Official Records, Vol. XVI, CDDH/IV/SR.29, 25 May 1976, p. 297, § 20.
As an example of cooperation that we extend, allow me to share with you our experience in Cambodia, our long-time partner in mine action. In a project that was started in 2013, Japan supported the activities of Cambodian Mine Action Centre, or CMAC, to clear 5,600 hectares of land in the heavily mined province of Battambang. The support included a component for agricultural development on the restored land, consisting of development of infrastructure such as rural roads and agricultural facilities, and capacity building on agricultural activities.
The project was succeeded by another project starting from 2016, in which Japan provided CMAC with new mine clearance machines to replace its old ones, in order to accelerate mine clearance to create another 7,000 hectares of land free from mines. The new project again includes agricultural component on the restored land, aiming at ensuring safety in local agricultural activities and improving the livelihood of 210,000 residents in four targeted districts. 
Japan, Statement by the representative of Japan at the Fourth Review Conference of the Convention on the Prohibition of Anti-Personnel Mines on Agenda Item 7 (i) Cooperation and Assistance, Oslo, Norway, 28 November 2019, p. 1.