Related Rule
Practice Relating to Rule 2. Violence Aimed at Spreading Terror among the Civilian Population
In its judgment in the Abdelaziz case (2007), Italy’s Supreme Court of Cassation stated:
[T]he wording and the “reasoning” of the international rules, which are aimed at defining the objectives of terrorism in an armed conflict, provide unambiguous interpretative arguments for saying that an act against a military objective must also be regarded as terrorism if the particular circumstances show beyond any doubt that serious harm to the life and physical well-being of the civilian population is inevitable, creating fear and panic amongst the local people. 
Italy, Supreme Court of Cassation, Abdelaziz case, Judgment, 17 January 2007, § 4.1.