Related Rule
Practice Relating to Rule 142. Instruction in International Humanitarian Law within Armed Forces
Section B. Obligation of commanders to instruct the armed forces under their command
Italy’s LOAC Elementary Rules Manual (1991) states: “The commander himself ensures that his subordinates are aware of their obligations under the law of war and respect them.” It further states that “the commander is responsible for proper training” and that “the superior is the normal instructor of his subordinates also for law of war training”. 
Italy, Regole elementari di diritto di guerra, SMD-G-012, Stato Maggiore della Difesa, I Reparto, Ufficio Addestramento e Regolamenti, Rome, 1991, §§ 19, 21 and 23.