Practice Relating to Rule 93. Rape and Other Forms of Sexual Violence
Croatia’s Criminal Code (1997) provides that forced prostitution and rape are war crimes.
Croatia’s Criminal Code (1997), as amended to 2006, states that a war crime is committed by whoever “orders rape, sexual oppression, forced prostitution, pregnancy or sterilization or other sexual abuse”.
The Criminal Code also states that “[ordering] that a person be raped or subjected to some other violent sexual act or that a woman who has been impregnated as a result of such violent act be intentionally kept in detention so as to change the ethnic composition of some population” is a crime against humanity.
The Criminal Code further states that “[intending] to destroy in whole or in part a national, ethnic, racial or religious group … or [ordering] measures to be imposed which are intended to prevent births within the group” is an act of genocide.