Practice Relating to Rule 53. Starvation as a Method of Warfare
Under Croatia’s LOAC Compendium (1991), starvation is a prohibited method of warfare.
Under Croatia’s Criminal Code (1997), the imposition of “starvation of the population” is a war crime.
Croatia’s Criminal Code (1997), as amended to 2006, states that a war crime is committed by: “Whoever violates the rules of international law in time of war, armed conflict or occupation and orders … or subjects [the population] to … starvation”.
In the Perišić and Others case
before a Croatian district court in 1997, after a trial in absentia
, several persons were convicted of ordering the shelling of the city of Zadar and its surroundings. The judgment was based, inter alia
, on Article 14 of the 1977 Additional Protocol II, as incorporated in Article 120(1) of Croatia’s Criminal Code of 1993.