Practice Relating to Rule 59. Improper Use of the Distinctive Emblems of the Geneva Conventions
Under Ethiopia’s Penal Code (1957), it is a punishable offence to wear without authorization the emblems or insignia of the red cross, red crescent or red lion and sun.
Ethiopia’s Criminal Code (2004) states:
Article 282.- Abuse of Emblems and Insignia of International Humanitarian Organizations.
(a) bears, flies or uses without due authorization the emblems or insignia of [the International Red Cross or Red Crescent or a corresponding humanitarian relief organization]
is punishable with simple imprisonment, or, in cases of exceptional gravity, with rigorous imprisonment not exceeding five years.
The Criminal Code of 2004 repealed Ethiopia’s Penal Code of 1957.