Related Rule
Practice Relating to Rule 4. Definition of Armed Forces
The Congo’s Disciplinary Regulations (1986) states:
Soldiers in combat must not consider members of the armed forces or volunteer militias, including organized resistance movements, as “combatants” unless they are under a responsible command, wear a distinctive sign, carry arms openly and respect the laws and customs of war. 
Congo, Décret No. 86/057 du 14 janvier 1986 portant Règlement du Service dans l’Armée Populaire Nationale, 1986, Article 32(1).