Practice Relating to Rule 74. Chemical Weapons
Bulgaria’s Penal Code (1968), as amended in 1999, provides that “a person who, in violation of the rules of international law for waging war, uses or orders the use of … chemical weapons” commits a war crime.
In 1966, during a debate in the First Committee of the UN General Assembly, Bulgaria supported Hungary’s view that the 1925 Geneva Gas Protocol had developed into customary international law and that the use of chemical weapons constituted an international crime.
In 1977, during a debate in the First Committee of the UN General Assembly, Bulgaria stated that chemical weapons had been morally and politically condemned for a long time.
In 1987, during a debate in the First Committee of the UN General Assembly, Bulgaria stated that it was committed to a global ban on chemical weapons.
During the 1988 and 1990 sessions of the Conference on Disarmament, Bulgaria stated that it did not possess, manufacture or stockpile chemical weapons.
In 1991, during a debate in the First Committee of the UN General Assembly, Bulgaria stated that it neither possessed nor produced chemical weapons.
In a declaration of 1 February 1996, the Bulgarian Government stated: “There have not been stockpiles of chemical … weapons on the territory of Bulgaria in the past 50 years.” The declaration was requested by the 28 member countries of the Australia Group, to which Bulgaria had applied for admission.