Practice Relating to Rule 158. Prosecution of War Crimes
Azerbaijan’s Law concerning the Protection of Civilian Persons and the Rights of Prisoners of War (1995), which establishes disciplinary, administrative and criminal liability, is applicable in international and non-international armed conflicts.
Azerbaijan’s Criminal Code (1999) provides for punishment, inter alia
, in case of war crimes (Article 57). In the chapter entitled “War crimes”, the Code contains further provisions criminalizing: the use of “mercenaries” (Article 114); “violations of [the] laws and customs of war” (Article 115); “violations of the norms of international humanitarian law in time of armed conflict” (Article 116); “negligence or giving criminal orders in time of armed conflict” (Article 117); “pillage” (Article 118); and “abuse of protected signs” (Article 119).