Practice Relating to Rule 129. The Act of Displacement
Uruguay’s Law on Cooperation with the ICC (2006) states:
26.2. Persons and objects affected by the war crimes set out in the present provision are persons and objects which international law protects in international or internal armed conflict.
26.3. The following are war crimes:
7. Unlawful deportation or transfer …
16. … the deportation or transfer of all or parts of the population of the occupied territory within or outside this territory; or ordering any other displacement of the civilian population for reasons related to the armed conflict unless the security of the affected civilians or persons so requires or for imperative military reasons.
Uruguay’s Constitution (1996), as amended, provides that the President of the Republic may take prompt security measures in serious and unforeseen cases of foreign attack or internal disturbance, including the transfer of persons from one point of the territory to another, unless they choose to leave the country.