Practice Relating to Rule 45. Causing Serious Damage to the Natural Environment
Section A. Widespread, long-term and severe damage
In 1991, in a letter to the UN Secretary-General, Kuwait expressed support for Jordan’s request to include the item “exploitation of the environment as a weapon in times of armed conflict and the taking of practical measures to prevent such exploitation” in the provisional agenda of the 46th Session of the UN General Assembly because of its “substantial concern and interest in protecting the environment and natural resources, which are the property of the entire mankind, and preventing their use as a weapon of terrorism as we witnessed during the war of Kuwait’s liberation”.
In 1998, during a lecture given at the Centre of Near and Middle East Studies of the London School of Oriental and African Studies, the Chairman of the Kuwaiti Public Authority on Environment accused Iraq of having caused “the greatest premeditated environmental catastrophe ever experienced in the history of mankind”. He expressed concern about the adverse effects of “Iraqi crimes against the marine environment in Kuwait”.