Practice Relating to Rule 93. Rape and Other Forms of Sexual Violence
Under Ethiopia’s Penal Code (1957) “compulsion to acts of prostitution, debauchery and rape” are war crimes against the civilian population.
Ethiopia’s Criminal Code (2004) states:
Article 270.- War Crimes against the Civilian Population.
Whoever, in time of war, armed conflict or occupation organizes, orders or engages in, against the civilian population and in violation of the rules of public international law and of international humanitarian conventions:
(f) compulsion to acts of prostitution, debauchery or rape …
is punishable with rigorous imprisonment from five years to twenty-five years, or, in more serious cases, with life imprisonment or death.
The Criminal Code of 2004 repealed Ethiopia’s Penal Code of 1957.