Practice Relating to Rule 2. Violence Aimed at Spreading Terror among the Civilian Population
Under Ethiopia’s Penal Code (1957), it is a punishable offence to organize, order or engage in “measures of intimidation or terror” against the civilian population, in time of war, armed conflict or occupation.
Ethiopia’s Criminal Code (2004) states:
Article 270.- War Crimes against the Civilian Population.
Whoever, in time of war, armed conflict or occupation organizes, orders or engages in, against the civilian population and in violation of the rules of public international law and of international humanitarian conventions:
(g) measures of intimidation or terror …
is punishable with rigorous imprisonment from five years to twenty-five years, or, in more serious cases, with life imprisonment or death.
Ethiopia’s Criminal Code of 2004 repealed the Penal Code of 1957.