Practice Relating to Rule 90. Torture and Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment
Zimbabwe’s Code of Conduct for Combatants (1993) states: “As a State party to the  Geneva Conventions … your country is bound by these treaties … The States party to the Geneva Conventions pledge to … [p]rohibit torture and inhuman treatment.”
The Code of Conduct also states: “Article 3 common to all four Geneva Conventions, which regulates non-international armed conflicts, … prohibits inhuman treatment [and] … torture”.
Zimbabwe’s Constitution (1979), as amended to 2009, states:
THE DECLARATION OF RIGHTS
15 Protection from inhuman treatment
(1) No person shall be subjected to torture or to inhuman or degrading punishment or other such treatment.
26 Interpretation and other savings
(7) No measures taken in relation to a person who is a member of a disciplined force of a country with which Zimbabwe is at war or with which a state of hostilities exists and no law, to the extent that it authorises the taking of such measures, shall be held to be in contravention of the Declaration of Rights.
Zimbabwe’s Geneva Conventions Act (1981), as amended in 1996, punishes “any person, whatever his nationality, who, whether in or outside Zimbabwe, commits any such grave breach of [any of the 1949 Geneva] Conventions”.
Zimbabwe’s Constitution (2013) states:
Chapter 4 – Declaration of Rights
53. Freedom from torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment
No person may be subjected to physical or psychological torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.
86. Limitation of rights and freedoms
(3) No law may limit the following rights enshrined in this Chapter, and no person may violate them –
(c) the right not to be tortured or subjected to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment;
87. Limitations during public emergency
(1) In addition to the limitations permitted by section 86, the fundamental rights and freedoms set out in this Chapter may be further limited by a written law providing for measures to deal with situations arising during a period of public emergency, but only to the extent permitted by this section and the Second Schedule.
(4) No law that provides for a declaration of a state of emergency, and no legislative or other measure taken in consequence of such a declaration may –
(a) indemnify, or permit or authorise an indemnity for, the State or any institution or agency of the government at any level, or any other person, in respect of any unlawful act; or
(b) limit any of the rights referred to in section 86(3), or authorise or permit any of those rights to be violated.
The Report on the Practice of Zimbabwe states that Zimbabwe believes that civilians of any description should be protected from torture or other forms of inhumane treatment.