相关规则
South Africa
Practice Relating to Rule 146. Reprisals against Protected Persons
Section D. Civilians in the power of the adversary
South Africa’s LOAC Manual (1996) states: “Reprisals against the persons and property of … protected civilians are prohibited.” 
South Africa, Presentation on the South African Approach to International Humanitarian Law, Appendix A, Chapter 4: International Humanitarian Law (The Law of Armed Conflict), National Defence Force, 1996, § 34(e).
South Africa’s Revised Civic Education Manual (2004) states: “Reprisals against the persons or property of … protected civilians are prohibited.” 
South Africa, Revised Civic Education Manual, South African National Defence Force, 2004, Chapter 4, § 56(e).
South Africa’s LOAC Teaching Manual (2008) states:
Fundamental Norms and Values (rules)
The fundamental norms/val[u]es which underlie the LOAC [law of armed conflict] are:
- Captured combatants and civilians under the authority of an adverse party are entitled to respect for their lives, dignity, personal rights and convictions. They must be protected against all acts of violence and retaliation. …
Prohibited Acts against Persons not taking an Active Part in Armed Conflicts
- Specific Rules
- Reprisals against protected persons and their property are prohibited. 
South Africa, Advanced Law of Armed Conflict Teaching Manual, School of Military Justice, 1 April 2008, as amended to 25 October 2013, Learning Unit 1, pp. 16 and 17–18.
The manual also states:
2.4 Specifically Protected Persons and Objects:
a. Civilians
[1949] Geneva Convention IV articles 28 to 34 grant further protection to civilians. These articles determine the following:
- A protected person may not be punished for an offence that that person has not committed. Collective penalties, intimidation or terrorism, pillage and reprisals are prohibited.
Protection of protected persons entails the following:
- Collective penalties, intimidation or terrorism, pillage and reprisals are prohibited against protected persons.
2.7 Special Protection: Occupied Territories
Rights of Protected Persons in Occupied Territories
The following prohibitions exist regarding conduct in occupied territories ([1949] Geneva Convention IV articles 31 to 34):
- Reprisals. 
South Africa, Advanced Law of Armed Conflict Teaching Manual, School of Military Justice, 1 April 2008, as amended to 25 October 2013, Learning Unit 2, pp. 112, 117, 124 and 155–156.