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Viet Nam
Practice Relating to Rule 144. Ensuring Respect for International Humanitarian Law Erga Omnes
In 2008, during a debate in the UN Security Council on the protection of civilians in armed conflict, the representative of Viet Nam stated that “regional organizations, with their good understanding of regional stakeholders, are well positioned to convince parties to armed conflict to … respect humanitarian and human rights law.” 
Viet Nam, Statement by the representative of Viet Nam before the UN Security Council during a debate on the protection of civilians in armed conflict, 27 May 2008, p. 14.
In 2008, during a debate in the UN Security Council on the situation in the Middle East, the representative of Viet Nam stated: “We once again urge Israel scrupulously to abide by international law – above all human rights and humanitarian law”. 
Viet Nam, Statement by the representative of Viet Nam before the UN Security Council during a debate on the situation in the Middle East, 3 December 2008, p. 12.
In 2012, in a statement before the Fourth Committee of the UN General Assembly on Agenda Item 52: United Nations Relief and Works Agency for the Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), the deputy permanent representative of Viet Nam stated:
My delegation remains gravely concerned about the lack of progress in the Middle East peace process, the volatile situation in the Gaza Strip and the issue of Palestine refugees. …
In this connection, we call upon Israel to cease all military and the settlement activities in [the] Palestinian Territory, and end its blockade to provide immediate protection for the Palestinian population in Gaza in accordance with international humanitarian laws. We again appeal [to] all parties concerned to abide by international humanitarian and human rights laws and extend the necessary cooperation to humanitarian relief operations with a view to mitigating [the] pains and hardships of [the] Palestinian people. 
Viet Nam, Statement by the deputy permanent representative of Viet Nam before the Fourth Committee of the UN General Assembly on Agenda Item 52: United Nations Relief and Works Agency for the Palestine Refugees in the Near East, 11 December 2012, pp. 1–2.