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Venezuela
Practice Relating to Rule 161. International Cooperation in Criminal Proceedings
Section C. Extradition of own nationals
Venezuela’s Penal Code (2005) states:
A Venezuelan national may not be extradited for any reason whatsoever, but he or she shall be tried in Venezuela upon request by the victim or the Office of the Prosecutor if the act of which the person is accused is punishable under Venezuelan law. 
Venezuela, Penal Code, 2005, Article 6.
Venezuela’s Constitution (2009) states: “The extradition of Venezuelans is prohibited.” 
Venezuela, Constitution, 2009, Article 69.
In 2012, in its combined third and fourth periodic reports to the Committee against Torture, Venezuela stated:
Article 3
93. Extradition in Venezuela is governed by article 69 of the Constitution, which prohibits the extradition of nationals; the same provision appears in article 6 of the Criminal Code, the Code of Criminal Procedure, specific legislation and extradition treaties signed and ratified by the Republic. Where a Venezuelan national has committed torture in foreign territory, he or she must be tried in Venezuela at the request of the injured party or the Public Prosecution Service.
Guiding principles on extradition in Venezuela
95. The main points are:
(a) Principle that nationals should not be extradited. This principle is established in the Constitution, which prohibits the extradition of Venezuelans. Moreover, article 6 of the Criminal Code provides that a national whose extradition is requested “shall be tried in Venezuela at the request of the injured party or the Public Prosecution Service, if the offence of which the person concerned is accused is subject to punishment under Venezuelan law”.
Article 8
115. The Venezuelan State recognizes the offence of torture as a crime that gives rise to extradition. The Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment constitutes part of the legal body of protection for human rights, within the limits established in the Constitution. The treaties entered into by the Republic do not place any restriction on the extradition of nationals who have committed the crime of torture and, even where there is no extradition treaty between States, extradition is possible in accordance with the rules of international law and on the basis of the principles of international solidarity and reciprocity in order to avoid impunity for offences committed abroad. 
Venezuela, Combined third and fourth periodic reports to the Committee against Torture, 12 February 2013, UN Doc. CAT/C/VEN/3-4, submitted 11 September 2012, §§ 93, 95(a) and 115.
[footnote in original omitted]
In 2012, in its fourth periodic report to the Human Rights Committee, Venezuela stated:
Extradition in Venezuela is regulated by article 69 of the Constitution of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, which prohibits the extradition of nationals. This is in line with article 6 of the Criminal Code, the Code of Criminal Procedure, special laws and extradition treaties signed and ratified by the Republic. 
Venezuela, Fourth periodic report to the Human Rights Committee, 29 April 2013, UN Doc. CCPR/C/VEN/4, submitted 18 December 2012, § 114.
[footnote in original omitted]