Practice Relating to Rule 161. International Cooperation in Criminal Proceedings
Uruguay’s Code of Criminal Procedure (2014) states:
ARTICLE 329. – (Applicable rules).
329.1 Extradition shall be governed by the rules provided for in the international treaties and conventions ratified by the Republic and currently in force.
329.2 For the crimes and offences defined under Law 18.026 of 25 September 2006 and the  Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, the extradition and surrender of suspects shall be governed, moreover, by what is established by those rules.
329.3 In the absence or insufficiency of the abovementioned instruments, the following provisions shall apply.
ARTICLE 330. – (Extradition procedure).
330.1 When required for this purpose, the competent tribunals of the Republic shall, in accordance with the provisions of the present Title, surrender any individual present on the national territory in order to be tried, to conclude a trial already underway, or to serve the detention sentence passed against him in the requesting State.
330.2 In order to proceed with the extradition, the requesting State must have jurisdiction over the offence on which the request is based, whether or not it occurred in its territory.
ARTICLE 331. – (Refusal of extradition). Extradition shall be refused when:
a) the individual has served the penalty corresponding to the offence supporting the request, or when in any way the punitive powers of the requesting State have been extinguished prior to the request;
b) the offence, its prosecution or the penalty imposed are barred by statutes of limitation under the national legislation or that of the requesting State;
c) the individual has been prosecuted or sentenced, or will be prosecuted, in the requesting State by a special or ad hoc court;
e) from the circumstances of the case it is possible to infer that there is a persecutory intent based on discrimination on the basis of grounds of race, religion, nationality, or that the individual’s situation may be aggravated by any similar reason;
f) the conduct on which the extradition request is based does not constitute a crime in both States. This shall take into account the similarity of the respective descriptions of the offence and not their name;
g) the individual has been sentenced to deprivation of liberty for less than two years, or the sentence left to be served is of less than six months;
h) the individual was convicted in absentia and the requesting State has not provided assurances that the case will be reopened to hear the individual, to allow them to exercise their right of defence, and that a new decision will be subsequently rendered;
i) because of their age, the individual could not be charged at the time of the commission of the conduct or conducts for which the extradition is requested.
ARTICLE 332. –
(Death penalty and life imprisonment). Under no circumstances surrender shall be authorized when the requesting State will apply the death penalty or life imprisonment.
In 2012, in its third periodic report to the Committee against Torture, Uruguay stated:
Article 4, paragraph 2 [of the 2006 Law on Cooperation with the ICC] also states that, where a person suspected of having committed a crime under Act No. 18026 [2006 Law on Cooperation with the ICC] is present in the territory of Uruguay or in a place subject to its jurisdiction, the State is obliged to take the necessary steps to exercise its jurisdiction in respect of the crime or offence if it has not received a request for surrender to the International Criminal Court or an extradition request … The suspicion referred to in the first part of this paragraph must be based on reasonable grounds.