相关规则
Uganda
Practice Relating to Rule 136. Recruitment of Child Soldiers
Uganda’s Defence Forces Act (2005) provides: “No person shall be enrolled into the Defence Forces unless he or she … is at least 18 years of age.” 
Uganda, Defence Forces Act, 2005, § 52(2).
In 2003, in its initial report to the Human Rights Committee, Uganda stated:
213. Article 210 of the Constitution of The Republic of Uganda makes Parliament responsible for making laws regulating the Uganda People’s defence forces (UPDF). For conscription into the army, as well as voluntary entry into the army, the minimum age is 18 years.
214. The National Resistance Army (conditions of Service) (men) Regulations S.I No. 7 of 1993 in regulation 5 (4) thereof provides that a recruiting officer shall not enrol a person under the apparent age of 18 years.
215. A recruiting officer who contravenes the said regulation 5 (4) would be guilty of conduct prejudicial to the good order and discipline of the Army Statute with the maximum punishment of dismissal with disgrace from the Army. 
Uganda, Initial report to the Human Rights Committee, 25 February 2003, UN Doc. CCPR/C/UGA/2003/1, submitted 14 February 2003, §§ 213–215.
In 2007, in its initial report to the Committee on the Rights of the Child under the Optional Protocol on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict, Uganda stated:
16. The UPDF [Uganda People’s Defence Forces] Act, Cap 307, … provides that any person below the age of 18 years is not eligible for military recruitment. ...
19. … [I]mplementation of the UPDF Act has faced challenges in terms of verification of ages of candidates for recruitment. Registration of births in the country is weak resulting in many people lacking birth certificates that would prove their ages.…
20. … With support from UNICEF a comprehensive strategy for scaling up birth and death registration (BDR) in Uganda has been developed.…
25. … [S]ample statistical information from the UHRC [Uganda Human Rights Commission] on children below the age of 18 years voluntarily recruited into the national armed forces … provide evidence that some children could have found their way into the army. This may be attributed to the weakness in birth and registration and manipulation of the system by families and the Local Councils.
59. To prevent recruitment of children into the armed forces, the UPDF and other State security apparatus in collaboration with UNICEF, Save the Children in Uganda, GUSCO [Gulu Support the Children Organisation] and World Vision have come up with a comprehensive way of distributing child advocacy materials to inform communities. Radio programmes and Newsletters are run to sensitize the community on the dangers of encouraging the recruitment of children in armed conflict.
60. Special brochures are distributed to UPDF forces to drop as they carry out their routine patrols or operations in rebel infested areas. This is meant to sensitize the rebels and their captives on the need to stop recruiting children in armed conflict. 
Uganda, Initial report to the Committee on the Rights of the Child under the Optional Protocol on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict, 17 July 2008, UN Doc. CRC/C/OPAC/UGA/1, submitted 16 August 2007, §§ 16, 19–20, 25 and 59–60.
In 2008, in its written reply to the Committee on the Rights of the Child concerning Uganda’s initial report under the Optional Protocol on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict, Uganda stated:
3. The Government of Uganda is still in the process of amending the Penal Code Act to criminalize the recruitment of children in armed forces. We are also in the process of amending the children’s act to include provisions which will prevent recruitment of the children in the armed forces. However, section 178 of the UPDF [Uganda People’s Defence Force] Act provides for sanctions against any military personnel who recruits children in the armed forces and for those persons not in the army but might be involved in abetting recruitment of children in the armed forces, they can be charged under the Penal Code Act.
5. The UPDF Act 2005 explicitly states under Section 52 that “… no person shall be enrolled into the Defence Forces unless he or she has attained 18 years of age …”. 
Uganda, Written replies of the Government of Uganda to the list of issues to be taken up in connection with the consideration of the initial report of Uganda under the Optional Protocol on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict, 8 September 2008, UN Doc. CRC/C/OPAC/UGA/Q/1/Add.1, submitted 5 September 2008, §§ 3 and 5.
In 2008, whilst responding to questions from the Committee on the Rights of the Child related to Uganda’s initial report under the Optional Protocol on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict, the Uganda delegate stated:
… The main problem in the recruitment process was how to ascertain the age of recruits. While the policy of the Ugandan military clearly prohibited recruitment of persons under the age of 18, false documents were often used to circumvent the prohibition. The Government had adopted a law that made the use of false documents punishable under the Penal Code; an improved birth registration system would help to reduce the problem in the future. Local and sub-county-level or municipality-level birth registrations were forwarded to the districts, and then to the central Government. In order to provide an incentive for registration, the Government had made birth registration a requirement for universal primary and secondary education. In the recruitment procedure, the Government was hoping to require the submission of official documents, or “long certificates”, which, if falsified, would incur criminal liability on the part of the person who issued or presented them. Currently, temporary documents, or “short certificates”, were still being accepted. 
Uganda, Statement before the Committee on the Rights of the Child during consideration of the initial report of Uganda under the Optional Protocol on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict, Geneva, 16 September, 2008, UN Doc. CRC/C/SR.1345 of 24 September 2008, § 31.