Practice Relating to Rule 135. Children
According to Sweden’s IHL Manual (1991), the “general protection of … children” contained in the 1977 Additional Protocol I has the status of customary international law.
The manual further provides: “The occupying power also has a particular responsibility in the area of child care.”
Sweden’s IHL Manual (1991) provides:
It is also possible for the parties to reach an agreement during a conflict that all acts of war shall cease temporarily within a given part of a conflict area. Such agreements are commonly made to afford protection to civilian populations, and specially to such exposed groups as children.