Practice Relating to Rule 124. ICRC Access to Persons Deprived of Their Liberty
Rwanda’s Organic Law concerning Transfer of Cases to the Republic of Rwanda from the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and from Other States (2007) provides:
Article: 23 Detention
Any person who is transferred to Rwanda by the ICTR [International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda] for trial shall be detained in accordance with the minimum standards of detention stipulated in the United Nations Body of Principles for the Protection of all Persons under any Form of Detention or Imprisonment, adopted by General Assembly resolution 43/173 of 9 December, 1998.
The International Committee of the Red Cross or an observer appointed by the President of the ICTR shall have the right to inspect the conditions of detention of persons transferred to Rwanda by the ICTR and held in detention. The International Committee of the Red Cross or the observer appointed by the ICTR shall submit a confidential report based on the findings of these inspections to the Minister in charge of Justice of Rwanda and to the President of the ICTR.
In 1990, in a speech following the arrest of 2,500–3,000 persons on suspicion of collaboration with the Rwandese Patriotic Front (RPF), the President of Rwanda declared: “The ICRC … had already visited all our prisons, according to its methods, … without any impediment whatsoever, … and in accordance with international agreements.”