Practice Relating to Rule 80. Booby-Traps
The Russian Federation’s Military Manual (1990) prohibits the use of weapons that are by nature indiscriminate. It refers to the 1980 Protocol II to the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons.
The Russian Federation’s Regulations on the Application of IHL (2001) states:
The following shall be prohibited to use in the course of combat operations:
- mines, booby-traps or other devices specially designed to detonate the munition by the presence of mine detectors as a result of their magnetic or other non-contact influence during normal use in detection operations;
- booby-traps which are placed outside a military objective and in any way attached to, or associated with: the internationally recognized protective emblems (signs or signals); sick, wounded persons or dead bodies; burial or cremation sites, graves; medical facilities, equipment, supplies or transport; children’s toys or objects specially designed for children; food or drink; kitchen utensils or appliances (except those in military units); objects of a clearly religious nature; historic monuments, works of art or places of worship; animals or their carcasses;
- self-made booby-traps in the form of apparently harmless objects.
At the International Conference on the Protection of Victims of War in Geneva in 1993, the Russian Federation declared that, in order to protect the civilian population against indiscriminate weapons, booby-traps should be completely banned in internal conflicts.