Practice Relating to Rule 61. Improper Use of Other Internationally Recognized Emblems
The Russian Federation’s Military Manual (1990) regards the improper use of international signals and flags as a prohibited method of warfare.
The Russian Federation’s Regulations on the Application of IHL (2001) states:
The prohibited methods of warfare include … making improper use of … international distinctive signs of civil defence and cultural property, the special international sign designating particularly dangerous objects [or] other internationally recognized protective signs and signals.
The Regulations further states: “When organizing and conducting cover and concealment of military objectives it is prohibited to make use of … international distinctive emblems, signs and signals.”