Practice Relating to Rule 32. Humanitarian Relief Objects
The Russian Federation’s Regulations on the Application of IHL (2001) states with regard to naval operations:
117. The following vessels shall not be attacked:
- vessels engaged in humanitarian missions, including vessels carrying supplies indispensable to the survival of the civilian population;
- vessels engaged in relief actions and rescue operations;
The above vessels shall not be attacked or captured if they:
- are innocently employed in their normal role;
- do not commit actions falling under Paragraph 116 [i.e., make an effective contribution to military action];
- do not intentionally hamper the movement of combatants and obey orders to stop or move out of the way when required.
118. Ships that belong to any class of vessels mentioned in Paragraph 117 may only be attacked as a last resort if:
- diversion is not feasible;
- no other method is available for exercising military control;
- the acts it commits give reasons to consider it as a military objective;
- the collateral casualties or damage will not be disproportionate to the military advantage gained or anticipated.