Practice Relating to Rule 115. Disposal of the Dead
Poland’s Procedures Governing the Interment of Soldiers Killed in Action (2009) defines “Emergency burial” as “[a] burial, usually on the battlefield, when conditions do not permit evacuation for burial in a cemetery”.
The Procedures further states in the section on the disposal of persons who have died in combat: “Prior to burial, the body shall be placed in a coffin or sealed container. If no coffins or other sealed containers are available, the body may be wrapped in a shroud, waterproof material, or at least a blanket.”
The Procedures also states: “Civilian members of the armed forces who had not participated in hostilities shall be buried in line with procedures established for the burial of the bodies of soldiers.”
The Procedures further states:
The bodies of persons who have died on the open seas should be disposed of by lowering the body into the sea, in line with naval custom.
If the ship is able to reach port within 24 hours, the remains shall be transported onto land and buried there. In that case, the burial shall be conducted in accordance with procedures pertaining to burial on land.