Practice Relating to Rule 55. Access for Humanitarian Relief to Civilians in Need
Section B. Impediment of humanitarian relief
Norway’s Military Penal Code (1902), as amended in 1981, provides:
Anyone who contravenes or is accessory to the contravention of provisions relating to the protection of persons or property laid down in … the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949 … [and in] the two additional protocols to these Conventions … is liable to imprisonment.
Norway’s Penal Code (1902), as amended in 2008, states: “Any person is liable to punishment for a war crime who in connection with an armed conflict … uses starvation of civilians as a method of warfare by … impeding relief supplies in violation of international law.”
In 2004, during a debate in the UN Security Council on protection of civilians in armed conflict, the representative of Norway stated: “Safe and unimpeded access to vulnerable groups is key to ensuring an effective protection of civilians in armed conflict. Denial of access is completely unacceptable.”