Practice Relating to Rule 29. Medical Transports
Section A. Respect for and protection of medical transports
Nicaragua’s Military Manual (1996) states, with respect to international armed conflicts, that assistance to the wounded, sick and shipwrecked includes a requirement of “respect for and protection of means of transportation for the wounded and sick or medical material” and “respect for and protection of transportation over land … of civilian wounded and sick”.
Nicaragua’s Military Penal Code (1996) provides for the punishment of any soldier who “knowingly violates the protection due to … medical transports … which are recognizable by the established signs or the character of which can unequivocally be distinguished from a distance”, provided that the protection due is not misused for hostile purposes.