Practice Relating to the Prohibition of Certain Types of Landmines
On 24 October 1995, after a meeting with then UN secretary-general, Boutros Boutros Ghali, the president of Mozambique, Joaquim Chissano, announced that Mozambique was prepared to play a leading role in the international effort to ban landmines. Speaking at the United Nations the following year, Mozambican Foreign Minister, Leonardo Simão, announced his government’s support for a worldwide ban on the production, stockpiling and distribution of landmines.
On 26 February 1997, during the Fourth International NGO Conference on Landmines, held in Maputo, Mozambican Foreign Minister, Leonardo Simão, announced Mozambique’s immediate ban on the use, production, import and export of anti-personnel landmines.
Following its decision to ban landmines at home, the Mozambican Government continued to play an important role in ensuring African support for the “Ottawa Process” which led to the adoption of treaty banning anti-personnel landmines. Mozambique participated in the OAU conference on landmines in Kempton Park, South Africa, and endorsed the Plan of Action and subsequent OAU resolutions on landmines. It endorsed the September 1997 declaration on landmines by SADC heads of State in Lilongwe, Malawi. It also endorsed the Final Declaration of the Brussels Conference on Anti-personnel Landmines in June 1997 and was a full participant in the Oslo negotiations in September 1997. Mozambique voted in favour of the UN General Assembly resolutions in support of a ban on anti-personnel landmines in 1996, 1997 and 1998.