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Malaysia
Practice Relating to Rule 107. Spies
Section B. Status of spies
Referring to Malaysia’s Armed Forces Act (1972), the Report on the Practice of Malaysia states that the use of spies is unlawful in Malaysia. The report adds that there is no statutory definition of “spy”, but it nevertheless considers that it is an offence for any person subject to service law in Malaysia to assist the enemy, communicate with it or share intelligence with it and that the Official Secrets Act and Armed Forces Act provide a penalty for spying. 
Report on the Practice of Malaysia, 1997, Answers to additional questions on Chapter 1.1, referring to Armed Forces Act, 1972, Section 41, and Official Secrets Act, 1972, Sections 2–3.