Practice Relating to Rule 146. Reprisals against Protected Persons
Section D. Civilians in the power of the adversary
Madagascar’s Military Manual (1994), in the part dealing with civilian persons, instructs soldiers to “protect them against ill-treatment”. It states: “Acts of vengeance … are prohibited.”
The manual further instructs soldiers to refrain from all acts of revenge.
In its attached list of “Fundamental rules of international humanitarian law applicable in armed conflicts”, the manual states: “Captured combatants and civilians who are under the authority of the adverse party … will be protected against any act of violence and reprisals.”